A Russia-backed peace deal signed on November 10 between Armenia and Azerbaijan has deescalated tensions between the two countries. As part of the deal, Armenia has agreed it will return to Azerbaijan around 20% of the Nagorno-Karabakh territory that was captured recently by the Azeri army. This includes the historical town of Shusha.
Azerbaijan’s defense ministry announced today that it has entered the Aghdam region, one of three districts to be taken over by Azerbaijan. Armenia will also hand over the Kalbajar district on November 25 as well as the Lachin district on December 1.
Armenians have already begun to flee en masse, sometimes destroying their homes out of anger. This war broke out on September 27, with both sides clashing over the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave.
Although Nagorno-Karabakh is part of Azerbaijan, the area has been dominated by ethnic Armenians for years. This conflict, which has lasted for six weeks, has killed more than 1,000 people on both sides.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has accepted responsibility for the military defeat in the region. Although calls have been made for him to step down, Mr. Pashinyan refuses to do so.